Fixing the duties, responsibilities, what, how much, how many and the order defines Job Designing. It aims to define and organize tasks, activities, and responsibilities into a single unit of work to achieve specific goals. It also identifies strategies and relationships that are critical to success in an organization.
Job design actually involves combining job or content obligations and certain qualifications needed to do the same. It expresses job responsibilities very clearly and helps in attracting the right people to the right job. In addition, it also makes the work look interesting and special.
By designing work, organizations strive to increase productivity levels by offering non-monetary rewards in meeting the additional challenge and responsibilities of the individual.
Process of Job Designing
- Decides the contents of the job.
- Decides the methods to carry out the job.
- Helps to settle the relationship which exists in the organization.
- Helps in matching up the requirements of the job.
Tools used in Job Designing
A well-designed job promotes a variety of ‘good’ positions in the body, meets the needs of rational energy, requires a sufficient level of mental functioning, and helps foster feelings of success and self-confidence. Achieving good job creation involves management processes that determine what an employee does, how long, where, and when giving employees the opportunity to make choices where possible.
1. Job Simplification
Job Simpihying is breaking work into smaller parts relatively easy with the aim of improving human productivity by reducing the physical and mental efforts required to perform complex work. The organization saves its training costs, as it requires a very low level of skills to perform simplified tasks.
2. Job Development
It is a job design approach that is used to increase satisfaction among employees by delegating higher authority and responsibility to them and thus enabling them to make full use of their skills. By empowering employees to perform high-quality work, the company prepares its employees to take up those senior positions in the near future.
3. Job Expansion
Job Expansion refers to the horizontal growth of jobs where more jobs, as well as jobs, are added to the range of jobs available at the same level in the organization. is used to increase the breadth of an employee's duties in order to increase his or her responsibilities and duties and to reduce the boredom we may experience with his or her existing duties.
4. Job Rotation
A job roundabout change means moving employees in an orderly fashion from one job to another. Employees become proficient in a variety of careers, know a variety of tasks, and improve their appearance and personal growth.
5. Job Engineering
Redesigning the business process so that small self-regulating sub-ethnic groups can get the job done, all at once. Redesign identifies the desired effect of a sub-program or system and reorganizes tasks and departments to maximize efficiency.
Benefits of Job Designing
- Employee Input: Good design enables positive feedback. Employees have the option to vary jobs according to their personal and social needs, habits, and working conditions.
- Staff Training: Training is an important part of the design. Job demands emphasize appropriately training people so that they know exactly how it should be done.
- Work / Rest Schedules: A work plan provides good work and rest by clearly defining the number of hours a person should spend at work.
- Adjustment: Good work designs allow for the adjustment of physically demanding tasks by reducing the amount of energy used to perform the work and aligning the needs of the staff accordingly.
Following up with job creation is an ongoing and ever-changing process. It helps employees to make changes in the workplace.
The ultimate goal is to reduce dissatisfaction and improve motivation and employee engagement. Dimensions such as skill diversity, ownership, value, independence, and responsiveness directly affect employee attitudes and work ethic. Job Design gives a pace to Job Analysis.